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Mental illness is an umbrella term that encompasses distinct diagnosable mental health ailments, disorders, diseases, and conditions, that involve changes in emotion, thinking or behavior (or a combination of these). More specifically, the American Psychiatric Association defines a mental disorder as “a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or development processes underlying mental functioning.” The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which is a handbook universally used by mental health professionals in America to diagnose mental illness, includes 157 mental health diagnoses. It contains descriptions, symptoms, diagnostic criteria as well as statistics concerning which sex is most affected by the illness, the typical age of onset, the effects of treatment, and common treatment approaches. All the psychiatric disorders included in this comprehensive reference book are highly distressing mental health conditions with which to live. And while every person’s experience with mental illness is unique, borderline personality disorder (BPD) has long been believed to be the mental illness that produces the most intense emotional pain and distress.

Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder is listed in the DSM-5 as a chronic, mental health disorder. It is a complex psychological condition that is characterized by pervasive instability in moods, emotions, behaviors, and interpersonal relationships which interfere with one’s ability to function in everyday life. It can be difficult to determine who will develop borderline personality disorder as the cause of BPD remains unknown. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIH) alludes to research that “suggests that genetics, brain structure and function, and environmental, cultural, and social factors play a role, or may increase the risk for developing borderline personality disorder.” The symptoms of borderline personality disorder are highlighted in the diagnostic criteria that is outlined in the DSM-5. According to the DSM-5, to be diagnosed with BPD an individual must experience five or more of the following symptoms in a variety of contexts:

  1. Emotional instability.
  2. Feelings of emptiness.
  3. Efforts to avoid abandonment.
  4. Impulsive behaviors.
  5. Identity disturbances.
  6. Inappropriate, irrational and/ or intense bouts of anger.
  7. Transient paranoid and/ or dissociative symptoms.
  8. Unstable interpersonal relationships.
  9. Suicidal and/ or self-harming behaviors.

BPD directly affects how one feels about him or herself, one’s behavior as well as how one can relate to others. BPD is notoriously difficult to diagnose because its symptoms strongly mirror symptoms of other mental health disorders. 

Treatment In Calabasas

Calabasas is a city in California. It is a well-known suburb of Los Angeles, located west of the San Fernando Valley and north of the Santa Monica Mountains. Over the past decade, the city of Calabasas has grown in its reputation for luxury as well as for privacy which makes it a hidden gem for residential living for society’s elite, and one of the most desirable destinations in Los Angeles County. It is also home to a plethora of highly qualified mental health clinicians providing an array of therapeutic services and treatment options. 

The information above is provided for the use of informational purposes only. The above content is not to be substituted for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment, as in no way is it intended as an attempt to practice medicine, give specific medical advice, including, without limitation, advice concerning the topic of mental health. As such, please do not use any material provided above to disregard professional advice or delay seeking treatment.

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